Erzurum – 25


About Erzurum City


When it comes to tourism in Turkey, popular destinations like Istanbul, Cappadocia, and Antalya come to mind. However, the eastern city of Erzurum is a hidden gem that deserves more attention. With its rich history, stunning natural landscapes, and vibrant culture, Erzurum has something for everyone.

One of the most notable landmarks in Erzurum is the 13th-century Çifte Minareli Medrese, an Islamic theological school famous for its twin minarets and intricate tile work. Similarly, the Yakutiye Medrese, another well-preserved example of Seljuk architecture, features a beautiful courtyard and a museum showcasing local artifacts. History buffs will also appreciate the impressive Erzurum Castle, which dates back to the Byzantine era.

Nature lovers will be delighted by the diverse landscape surrounding Erzurum. Palandöken Mountain, which hosted the 2011 Winter Universiade, offers skiing and snowboarding opportunities in the winter, while summer visitors can hike or bike through scenic routes. The Tortum Waterfall, located near the Georgian border, is another must-see destination with its picturesque cascading waters. And don’t miss the Lake Tortum, which is the largest lake in the region and boasts breathtaking views.

Erzurum is also home to a rich culinary tradition, with dishes such as Cağ Kebabı, a type of grilled meat, and Hıngel, a soup made with yogurt and bulgur, being local favorites. Visitors can sample these dishes at local restaurants or visit the historic Taşhan Bazaar, where vendors sell spices, sweets, and other traditional products.

In addition to its historical and natural attractions, Erzurum is a vibrant city with a lively arts and cultural scene. The Atatürk House Museum showcases the life and legacy of Turkey’s founder, while the Erzurum Modern Art Museum features contemporary works by local artists. The city also hosts several festivals throughout the year, including a kite festival and a traditional oil wrestling competition.

In conclusion, Erzurum is a city with something for everyone, from history and culture to nature and adventure. So if you’re planning a trip to Turkey, be sure to add Erzurum to your itinerary and discover this hidden gem in Eastern Turkey.


Geography of Erzurum

Erzurum, a city in eastern Turkey, is located in the Anatolian region of the country. Nestled between the expansive Mount Palandöken and the Euphrates River, this city boasts a rich history and culture that dates back centuries.

The geography of Erzurum plays a significant role in shaping its diverse landscape. From high mountain ranges to vast plains, Erzurum has it all. The city is situated on a plateau at an altitude of over 1,900 meters above sea level, making it one of the highest cities in Turkey. As a result, Erzurum experiences a continental climate, with long, cold winters and short, hot summers.

Mount Palandöken, one of the most prominent features of Erzurum’s geography, towers over the city with a height of over 3,000 meters. This mountain range offers one of the best skiing destinations in Turkey, attracting tourists from all over the world. During the winter season, the mountain transforms into a ski resort, complete with ski lifts and hotels.

Erzurum also includes several other mountain ranges, including the Çoruh Mountains and the Bingöl Mountains, which provide breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape. These mountains are home to various wildlife species such as bears, wolves, and lynxes.

In contrast to its mountainous terrain, Erzurum’s eastern regions have a more arid landscape characterized by vast plains and plateaus. The Karasu River, which originates from the nearby mountains, runs through these plains, providing water for the many fields and orchards that cover the area. The region is also known for its natural hot springs and geothermal activity, which make it a popular destination for health tourism.

In conclusion, Erzurum’s geography is as diverse as it is stunning. Its high-altitude location, mountain ranges, rivers, and plains create a unique and beautiful landscape that offers something for everyone. Whether you’re a nature lover, an adrenaline seeker, or a history buff, Erzurum has plenty to offer its visitors.


Culture and Traditions of Erzurum

Erzurum is a city located in the eastern part of Turkey known for its unique culture and traditions. The city has been inhabited for thousands of years, and its rich history can be seen in its architecture, food, and festivals.

One of the most prominent features of Erzurum’s culture is its traditional clothing. Men typically wear baggy pants called “shalvar” and long shirts with vests. Women, on the other hand, wear colorful dresses with intricate embroidery. These clothes are often worn during special occasions such as weddings and religious festivals.

Speaking of festivals, Erzurum is known for its vibrant celebrations such as the “Palandoken Winter Festival” held in January. During this festival, locals and tourists come together to enjoy winter sports, traditional music, and food. Another popular festival is the “Mevlana Festival” held in December, which celebrates the famous poet and Sufi philosopher Rumi.

Food is another important aspect of Erzurum’s culture. The city is known for its hearty dishes such as “kadayif dolmasi,” a type of stuffed pastry made with shredded wheat, meat, and spices, and “cağ kebabı,” a grilled meat dish that is served with a variety of sides. These dishes are often enjoyed with a cup of traditional Turkish tea or coffee.

Erzurum also has a rich architectural heritage. One of its most famous landmarks is the “Çifte Minareli Medrese,” a 13th-century Islamic school with two towering minarets. The city is also home to several Ottoman-era mosques, including the “Ulu Camii” and the “Lala Mustafa Pasha Mosque.”

In conclusion, Erzurum’s culture and traditions are a reflection of its rich history and diverse influences. Whether it’s through its traditional clothing, festivals, food, or architecture, the city offers a unique experience for anyone looking to explore Turkey’s eastern region.


Cuisine of Erzurum

Erzurum is a city located in the eastern region of Turkey, known for its rich cultural heritage and unique cuisine. The traditional dishes of Erzurum are a fusion of Ottoman, Persian, and Central Asian cuisines, resulting in a delicious culinary experience that is sure to leave your taste buds wanting more.

One of the most popular dishes in Erzurum is “Cağ Kebabı,” which is made using marinated lamb cooked on a horizontal spit over charcoal fire. The kebab is then served with lavash bread, grilled tomatoes, green peppers, and onions, making it a perfect meal for meat lovers.

Another dish that is famous in Erzurum is “Kadayıf Dolması,” which is a dessert made with shredded phyllo dough, stuffed with pistachios, and soaked in sweet syrup. This mouth-watering dessert is perfect for satisfying your sweet tooth after a hearty meal.

If you are a fan of soups, then you must try “Çiriş Aşı,” a soup made using bulgur wheat, dried mint, tomato paste, and beef broth. The soup is served hot and is perfect for warming you up on cold winter days.

“Su Böreği” is another popular dish in Erzurum, made using thin layers of phyllo dough, filled with a mixture of ground meat, parsley, and onion. The börek is then boiled in hot water and served with melted butter and yogurt, making it a perfect breakfast or lunch option.

Lastly, we have “Hangel,” a traditional dish made with lamb meat, chickpeas, and potatoes, cooked in a clay pot over a slow fire. The dish is seasoned with salt, pepper, and cumin, giving it a unique flavor and aroma that is sure to tantalize your senses.

In conclusion, the cuisine of Erzurum is a reflection of the city’s rich cultural heritage and history. The unique blend of flavors and spices used in traditional dishes makes it an excellent gastronomical experience for foodies looking to explore diverse cuisine. So, next time you are in Erzurum, make sure to indulge in these delicious delicacies and treat yourself to a culinary adventure.

Night view on Erzurum from Palandoken

Places to Visit in Erzurum

Erzurum is a city located in the eastern part of Turkey, surrounded by mountains and filled with historical and cultural landmarks. It is a great destination for travelers who crave an authentic experience of Turkish culture and history. In this article, we will explore some of the top places to visit in Erzurum.

One of the most famous attractions in Erzurum is the Çifte Minareli Medrese, which was built in the 13th century. This iconic landmark features two identical minarets and an intricate facade adorned with turquoise tiles. Inside, visitors can marvel at the stunning Islamic architecture and explore the various rooms dedicated to teaching and learning.

Another must-see location in Erzurum is the Erzurum Castle, which dates back to the Byzantine era. The castle has stood for over a thousand years and offers breathtaking views of the city below. Visitors can wander through the castle’s many rooms and learn about its fascinating history from knowledgeable guides.

For those interested in religious history, the Ulu Mosque is a must-visit destination. Built in the 12th century, it is one of the oldest and most important mosques in Turkey. The mosque’s massive size and intricate details are sure to leave a lasting impression on visitors.

For a taste of traditional Turkish life, visitors should head to the Palandöken Bazaar. Here, they can browse through a wide selection of locally-made crafts, textiles, and souvenirs. The bazaar also offers a wide range of traditional Turkish foods, such as kebabs, baklava, and Turkish delight.

Finally, nature lovers should not miss the chance to visit Tortum Waterfall. Located just outside the city, this stunning waterfall cascades down from a height of 48 meters and is surrounded by lush greenery. Visitors can take a dip in the cool waters or simply relax and enjoy the view.

In conclusion, Erzurum is a city filled with history, culture, and natural beauty. From its iconic landmarks to its bustling bazaars, there is something for everyone here. So why not book your trip today and experience the magic of Erzurum for yourself?


Accommodation in Erzurum

Erzurum is a beautiful city located in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. This city has an interesting history, rich culture, and diverse tourism attractions, making it a popular destination for travelers from all over the world. If you’re planning to visit Erzurum, then you need to consider your accommodation options. In this article, we will explore the different types of accommodations available in Erzurum and help you choose the best option for your needs.

Hotels are the most common type of accommodation in Erzurum, ranging from budget-friendly to luxury options. Budget hotels offer basic amenities such as clean rooms and bathrooms, basic furniture, and Wi-Fi. Mid-range hotels come with more advanced facilities such as air-conditioning, heating, 24-hour reception, and breakfast. If you want a luxurious stay, then you can opt for five-star hotels that come with top-notch facilities such as spas, swimming pools, fitness centers, and restaurants.

Another option for accommodation in Erzurum is apartments. Apartments are ideal if you are traveling with family or friends, as they offer a home-like environment with separate bedrooms, living areas, and kitchens. You can find apartments in various locations in Erzurum, including the city center, near tourist attractions, or in quieter residential neighborhoods.

If you’re looking for a more traditional experience, then you should consider staying at a guesthouse or pension. These accommodations are often family-owned and offer a unique cultural experience. They usually provide basic amenities but are clean, comfortable, and have a cozy atmosphere. Plus, the owners are often happy to offer recommendations on local sights and activities.

Lastly, if you’re on a tight budget, then hostels are a great option for accommodation in Erzurum. Hostels offer shared dormitory-style rooms with bunk beds and shared bathrooms. They are perfect for solo travelers or groups who are looking to save money on accommodation costs.

In conclusion, Erzurum offers a range of accommodation options that cater to all types of travelers and budgets. Whether you prefer the luxury of a five-star hotel or the cultural experience of a guesthouse, there is something for everyone in this beautiful city. So start planning your trip to Erzurum today and book the perfect accommodation for your needs.

Getting to Erzurum

Erzurum, a city located in eastern Turkey, is an ideal destination for travelers who want to experience the rich history and culture of the region. It is a city with a diverse range of attractions, from ancient buildings and museums to natural sights and outdoor activities.

If you plan on visiting Erzurum, there are various ways to get there. The city has its airport, Erzurum Airport, which receives both domestic and international flights. You can easily book a flight to Erzurum from major cities such as Istanbul, Ankara, and Antalya.

If you prefer traveling by land, there are several bus companies that operate daily services to Erzurum from various cities around Turkey. These buses offer comfortable seats and amenities such as air conditioning, Wi-Fi, and onboard entertainment to make your journey more enjoyable.

Another option is to take the train to Erzurum. The city has a train station that connects it to other major cities in Turkey, including Istanbul, Ankara, and Kars. The Eastern Express, which runs between Ankara and Kars, makes a stop at Erzurum, allowing passengers to explore the city before continuing their journey.

Once you arrive in Erzurum, the city offers a wide range of accommodation options, from luxurious hotels to budget-friendly guesthouses. Depending on your preferences and budget, you can choose from traditional Turkish-style accommodation or modern hotels with all the necessary amenities.

When it comes to exploring the city, there are plenty of places to visit, including the famous Çifte Minareli Medrese, a 13th-century madrasah with two minarets, and the Erzurum Castle, an impressive fortress that dates back to the Byzantine era.

In conclusion, getting to Erzurum is easy and convenient, whether you prefer flying, taking the bus, or traveling by train. Once you arrive, the city has plenty to offer, from historic landmarks to natural wonders, making it an ideal destination for travelers seeking a unique cultural experience.

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