Sanliurfa – 63


About Sanliurfa City

Sanliurfa, also known as Urfa, is a city located in the southeastern region of Turkey. It is considered one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, with a history dating back over 11,000 years. The city has played a significant role in shaping the course of human civilization, from its ancient heritage to its vibrant cultural scene today.

This enchanting destination is steeped in history and culture. Its skyline is dotted with magnificent landmarks, such as the Göbeklitepe, which is believed to be the world’s oldest temple complex. Ancient architectural marvels like the Balikligol Complex and the Harran University are also among the noteworthy sites in the city.

Sanliurfa’s rich heritage is evident in its local cuisine, which is a fusion of Arabic, Turkish, and Kurdish flavors. The most popular dish in the city is “lahmacun,” a thin pizza-like pastry topped with minced meat and spices. Another must-try is “çiğ köfte,” which is a spicy meatball made from raw ground beef mixed with bulgur, herbs, and spices.

The city is also home to a diverse community that embraces its cultural diversity, where Sufism plays a significant role, reflected in the shrines and mosques scattered throughout the city. These religious sites include the Rızvaniye Mosque, Eyüp Peygamber Mosque, and Halil-ur Rahman Mosque, attracting Muslims from all over the world.

Sanliurfa’s bustling markets offer a colorful mix of traditional textiles, ceramics, and handcrafted goods. The bazaars are a perfect place to immerse yourself in the city’s rich culture and socialize with locals. The city’s vibrant nightlife is another testament to its lively atmosphere, with numerous cafes and restaurants offering delicious food, live music, and dancing.

In conclusion, Sanliurfa is a city that has much to offer travelers seeking an immersive cultural experience. Its rich history and cultural significance make it an enchanting destination that should not be missed. Whether you’re exploring ancient ruins or savoring the local cuisine, Sanliurfa will leave you breathless with its charm and allure.

sanliurfa fish

Geography and Climate of Sanliurfa

Sanliurfa, also known as Urfa, is a province located in southeastern Turkey. Its geography and climate play a significant role in shaping the region’s history and culture.

Geographically, Sanliurfa is situated on a large plain that extends from the Taurus Mountains to the Syrian border. The Euphrates River runs through the northern part of the province, providing water for irrigation and agriculture. The region also has several important archaeological sites, including Göbekli Tepe, a UNESCO World Heritage site dating back to 10,000 BCE.

The climate of Sanliurfa is characterized by hot summers and mild winters. During the summer months, temperatures can reach up to 40°C (104°F), making it one of the hottest regions in Turkey. However, the province’s location near the mountains brings cool breezes and occasional rain, which provide some relief from the heat. In winter, temperatures rarely drop below freezing, making it a popular destination for tourists seeking a mild climate.

The region’s climate has played an essential role in shaping its economy and culture. Agriculture is a major industry, with wheat, cotton, and pistachios being the most significant crops. The province’s proximity to Syria has also made it a vital hub for trade and commerce, particularly in textiles and spices. Additionally, Sanliurfa’s history as a pilgrimage site for Muslims has led to the development of a thriving tourism industry, bringing visitors from all over the world to visit the city’s many mosques, shrines, and historical sites.

In conclusion, Sanliurfa’s unique geography and climate have helped shape its history, culture, and economy. Its fertile plains, important archaeological sites, and strategic location have made it a hub of agriculture, trade, and tourism in southeastern Turkey. Whether you are interested in exploring ancient ruins or experiencing a rich cultural heritage, Sanliurfa offers something for everyone.

sanliurfa gobeklitepe
sanliurfa gobeklitepe

Culture and Traditions of Sanliurfa

Sanliurfa, also known as “the City of Prophets,” is a unique and culturally rich city located in southeastern Turkey. Its long and fascinating history can be traced back to ancient times, making it one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.

The culture and traditions of Sanliurfa are deeply rooted in its history, religion, and geography. The city’s multiple mosques, madrasas, and tombs, each with their own unique architecture and design, are a testament to the region’s Islamic heritage. Every year, thousands of Muslim pilgrims visit these holy sites to pay their respects and seek blessings.

One of the most significant cultural events in the city is the annual Mevlid-i Halil ceremony, which celebrates the birth of the Prophet Abraham. During this event, people gather together to recite prayers, sing hymns, and share food with one another. It is a time of joy and togetherness that highlights the strong sense of community in Sanliurfa.

Another important cultural tradition in Sanliurfa is the art of Ebru, or Turkish marbling. This intricate technique involves creating colorful and complex patterns on paper or fabric using water, ink, and brushes. It has been passed down through generations and is still practiced by local artists today.

When it comes to cuisine, Sanliurfa has some of the most delicious and unique dishes in Turkey. The city is famous for its spicy kebabs, made with minced meat and a blend of aromatic spices. Other local specialties include lahmacun, a thin pizza-like dish topped with minced meat and herbs, and baklava, a sweet pastry filled with pistachios and drenched in syrup.

In conclusion, Sanliurfa is a city that offers a fascinating glimpse into Turkey’s rich cultural heritage. From its ancient religious sites to its vibrant artistic traditions and mouth-watering cuisine, Sanliurfa is a place that should not be missed by anyone interested in exploring the country’s diverse cultural landscape.


Famous Places to Visit in Sanliurfa

Sanliurfa, also known as Urfa, is one of the most fascinating and culturally rich destinations in Turkey. With its long history spanning back to ancient times, this city offers visitors a chance to explore a unique blend of traditional and modern attractions.

One of the most famous places to visit in Sanliurfa is the Pool of Sacred Fish, located in the Balikligol area. This site is not only significant for its religious importance but also for its serene and picturesque surroundings. Visitors can relax in the park adjacent to the pool while watching the fish swimming in the crystal-clear waters. Another popular attraction nearby is the Cave of Abraham, which is believed to be the birthplace of Prophet Ibrahim, a revered figure in Islam, Judaism, and Christianity.

For those seeking a more immersive cultural experience, a visit to the historic bazaar district is a must. The intricate labyrinth of narrow streets is home to numerous traditional shops selling everything from spices and textiles to copper and leather goods. Be sure to sample some local delicacies such as kebabs, baklava, and the famous “Urfa pepper.”

If you’re interested in exploring the city’s architectural treasures, there are several breathtaking mosques and madrasas to discover. The Rizvaniye Mosque, with its impressive seven domes and ornate decoration, is a masterpiece of Ottoman-era architecture. The Halil-ur Rahman Mosque, situated on a hill overlooking the city, offers stunning panoramic views of Sanliurfa and its surroundings.

Finally, no trip to Sanliurfa would be complete without a visit to the nearby ancient ruins of Göbeklitepe. This UNESCO World Heritage Site is regarded as the world’s oldest temple, dating back over 11,000 years! Excavated in the 1990s, the site has revealed an abundance of fascinating archaeological finds, including intricately carved stone pillars depicting animals and mythical creatures.

In conclusion, Sanliurfa is a city that has something for everyone, whether you’re interested in history, religion, culture, or simply relaxing and enjoying the surroundings. With its diverse range of attractions, it’s no wonder that this city has become an increasingly popular destination for travelers from all over the world.


Local Cuisine of Sanliurfa

When it comes to Turkish cuisine, Sanliurfa stands out as a region with unique flavors and dishes. Located in southeastern Turkey, the city is known for its rich history and cultural heritage, which is reflected in its local cuisine.

One of the most famous dishes from Sanliurfa is the “lahmacun,” a thin crust pizza-like dish topped with minced meat, tomatoes, peppers, parsley, and spices. Another popular dish is “çiğ köfte,” which is made from raw ground beef or lamb mixed with bulgur, onions, and spices. It’s then kneaded by hand until it becomes soft and has a chewy texture.

Sanliurfa’s kebab culture is also worth mentioning. The city has different types of kebabs ranging from Adana kebab to Şiş kebab and Urfa kebab. Urfa kebab is unique to the city; it’s prepared using a mixture of ground meat, chili pepper, garlic, cumin, and other spices. The meat is then placed on skewers and grilled over charcoal, resulting in a delicious and juicy kebab.

Another must-try local dish in Sanliurfa is “kelle paça.” It’s a soup made from boiled sheep’s head and feet, seasoned with onions, garlic, and various herbs. Although it might seem unusual to some, it’s considered a delicacy in the region and is believed to have numerous health benefits.

For those with a sweet tooth, Sanliurfa has “baklava” and “kadayıf,” two of the most famous desserts in Turkey. Baklava is made with layers of phyllo pastry soaked in syrup and filled with chopped nuts, while kadayıf is made with shredded phyllo pastry and stuffed with nuts and syrup.

In conclusion, Sanliurfa’s local cuisine offers a unique culinary experience that shouldn’t be missed. From the famous lahmacun to the delicious Urfa kebab and kelle paça soup, the city’s cuisine is a reflection of its rich history and vibrant culture. So, next time you’re in Turkey, be sure to stop by Sanliurfa and indulge in its savory and sweet local dishes.

Economy of Sanliurfa

Sanliurfa, also known as Urfa, is a city in southeastern Turkey that has seen tremendous economic growth in recent years. With a population of over 2 million people, Sanliurfa is home to a diverse range of industries that have contributed to its thriving economy.

One of the key drivers of Sanliurfa’s economy is agriculture. The region is known for producing high-quality crops such as wheat, barley, and cotton, which are exported around the world. In addition to traditional farming, there has been a growing trend towards organic and sustainable agriculture in Sanliurfa, which has helped to boost the local economy while also promoting environmental sustainability.

Another important industry in Sanliurfa is textiles. The city has a long history of textile production, with many companies specializing in the production of cotton fabrics, carpets, and other textile products. As demand for these products has increased both domestically and internationally, Sanliurfa’s textile industry has continued to grow and thrive.

Tourism is also a significant part of Sanliurfa’s economy. The city is home to many historic sites such as the Pool of Sacred Fish and the Citadel of Urfa, which attract visitors from all over the world. Additionally, Sanliurfa’s rich culture and cuisine are a major draw for tourists, with many hotels, restaurants, and shops catering to the needs of visitors.

Overall, Sanliurfa’s economy is diverse and robust, with a range of industries contributing to its growth and success. From agriculture to textiles to tourism, there are many opportunities for businesses to thrive in this vibrant and dynamic city. As Sanliurfa continues to develop and modernize, it is sure to remain a key player in Turkey’s economy for years to come.


Transportation in Sanliurfa

Sanliurfa, also known as Urfa, is a city located in southeastern Turkey. It is a city with a rich history and cultural heritage that attracts visitors from all over the world. Transportation in Sanliurfa is relatively easy, with various options available for both locals and tourists.

Public Transportation

One of the most convenient ways to get around the city is by using public transportation. Sanliurfa has an extensive network of buses that connect different parts of the city. The buses are well-maintained, air-conditioned, and reasonably priced. The bus routes cover the entire city, and the frequency of the buses is high, ensuring that you never have to wait too long for one.


Taxis are readily available in Sanliurfa and are an excellent option if you want to travel quickly and comfortably. Taxis in Sanliurfa are metered, and the fares are reasonable. However, always ensure that the taxi driver starts the meter at the beginning of your journey.

Car Rental

If you prefer to explore the city at your own pace, renting a car is a great option. Several car rental companies operate in Sanliurfa, and they offer a wide range of vehicles, from economy cars to luxury SUVs. However, if you are not familiar with driving in Turkey, it is best to use caution, as the traffic can be chaotic.

Walking and Cycling

For those who prefer to explore the city on foot or by bicycle, Sanliurfa offers several opportunities. Many of the tourist attractions are located close to each other and can be easily accessed on foot. Additionally, there are dedicated bike lanes in some areas of the city.

In conclusion, transportation in Sanliurfa is convenient and reliable, with various options available to suit every traveler’s needs. Whether you prefer public transportation, taxis, rental cars, or walking and cycling, you can explore the city comfortably and safely. With this comprehensive guide, you are ready to experience Sanliurfa’s rich history and cultural heritage without worrying about transportation logistics.

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